DIABETES: understand and be aware of how it can affect you, and ways you can manage it.
Diabetes is a disease that occurs when ones blood glucose, also known as blood sugar is high. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK).
This blood glucose is one’s main source of energy and comes from food eaten. It’s important to know that Insulin, is a hormone made by the pancreas, that helps glucose from the food eaten, to get into your cells thus being used for energy.
However, the body does not make enough or any insulin and most times, doesn’t use the insulin well. This makes the glucose stay in the blood and doesn’t reach our body cells.
Having too much glucose in one’s blood can cause health problems. Diabetes for now has no cure, but there are steps one can take to manage it and remain healthy. It is a serious matter and shouldn’t be taken likely.
Diabetes, unknown to some has types, they are Type 1 and Type 2. Lets understand what they entail.
Type 1 : Here, the body makes little or no insulin due to an overactive immune system. people with type 1 diabetes ought to take insulin everyday. Type 1 diabetes usually occurs in children and young adults but can also appear in older adults.
Type 2: In type 2 diabetes, your body prevents the insulin it does make from working correctly. Your body may make some insulin but not enough. Most people with diabetes—about 90% to 95%—have type 2. This kind of diabetes usually happens in people who are older, but can also be diagnosed in young adults and children.
Some ways to manage Diabetes are:
1. Follow a balanced diet. A low-fat eating plan with plenty of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean protein can help keep blood sugar at healthy levels. seeing a Dietitian every one to two years can be helpful.
2. Be physically active. Exercise a minimum of three to four times a week for 20 to 40 minutes each session.
3. Sticking to a regular schedule and getting enough sleep can help keep blood glucose at healthy levels.
4. Diabetic smokers should quit immediately.
5. Practice good foot care. Check your feet daily for calluses, cracks, or skin breakdown. If there’s redness, ulcerations, pus, or foul-smelling drainage. A doctor should also be informed if there is any swelling of the ankles or feet.
6. Manage stress. Consider a stress-management workshop to learn better coping methods. Utilize relaxation techniques, and set limits in order to reduce stress.
7. Take your medication. Be sure to follow the medicine schedule prescribed by your Doc. In addition, it may be helpful to keep a list of your medications on hand at all times.
8. Keep learning. Continue learning about diabetes through books and online research. Attend a diabetes class, or schedule visits with a diabetes educator at least once every year.
Food to be taken by both a Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetic patient:
Fatty fish contain omega-3 fats that reduce inflammation and other risk factors for heart disease and stroke.
Leafy green vegetables are rich in nutrients and antioxidants that protect your heart and eye health.
Cinnamon may improve blood sugar control, insulin sensitivity, cholesterol and triglyceride levels in type 2 diabetics.
Eggs improve risk factors for heart disease, promote good blood sugar control, protect eye health and keep you feeling full.
Nuts are a healthy addition to a diabetic diet. They’re low in digestible carbs and help reduce blood sugar, insulin and LDL levels.
Broccoli is a low-calorie, low-carb food with high nutrient value. It is loaded with healthy plant compounds that can protect against various diseases.
Garlic helps lower blood sugar, inflammation, LDL cholesterol and blood pressure in people with diabetes.
Diary of Nana