Symptoms, Causes& the treatment of Injury to the Lateral Collateral Ligament.

Symptoms, Causes& the treatment of Injury to the Lateral Collateral Ligament.

A lateral Collateral ligament (LCL) is the ligament located in the knee joint. These ligaments are thick, strong bands of tissues that connect bone to bone. it usually runs along the outside of the knee joint from the outside of the bottom of the thighbone (femur) to the top of the lower-leg bone (fibula)

A lateral sprain occurs when the ligament on the outer side of the knee tears. It is when the knee pushes out beyond the usual range of motion and it is mostly common in Athletes who play contact sport like football, people with weak muscles and people with poor coordination.
When one has an LCL sprain the following causes are
  • Direct contact to the inside of the knee, such as in a collision or a tackle
  • poor landing technique
  • suddenly changing direction while running
  • twisting the knee when the foot is stationary

The first Symptoms of LCL one would notice is pain, which might be severe or mild and sometimes a tearing sound is heard when it occurs. Other symptoms include:

  • bruising to the skin
  • general weakness in the knee-joint and a feeling that it may give way
  • numbness in the knee, which may occur due to damage to nerves
  • stiffness
  • swelling along the outside of the knee
  • tenderness around the ligament, especially if with pressure
  • the sensation that the knee is locking during movement

Once you have a knee injury quickly see a Doctor who will physically examine you for

  • Pain
  • swelling
  • Tenderness
  • Instability

Resting your knee is paramount when you have an injured knee, also applying an ice pack on the outer side of the knee can reduce the swelling and pain. This should be done for 15-20 minutes, Ensure you do not apply the ice pack directly to the skin to avoid burn.

 

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