All you need to know about Depression.
These days it is not uncommon to hear stories about how individuals have committed suicide due to depression and anxiety. Or those who have attempted to kill themselves and their family in the process and were saved or the family saved.
Depression ( major depressive disorder or clinical depression) is a very common and serious mood disorder. It symptoms are quite severe and totally affects how an individual feel, think and handles their day-to-day activities as sleeping, eating, or working.
An individual who suffers from this illness should not be overlooked or bullied. It doesn’t help the individual’s mind frame. More attention, care and love would go along way in relating with one who is suffering from depression. It shouldn’t just be sympathy but empathy as well.
It is eminent to note that Depression also can be physical, in the sense that it could not only affect the individual’s mind but the body as well. These effects could include erratic sleep habits, terrible loss of appetite, and in some cases an increased appetite associated with depression, headaches, back pains ad even regular fatigue.
Most people might experience different signs in dealing with depression, but, the very common signs includes the following;
10 common symptoms of depression:
- Feelings of helplessness and hopelessness. Having an un encouraged look to life. Nothing seems to get better or would get better and you cannot do anything about the situation.
- Loss of interest in daily activities. Suddenly, care isn’t attributed to things you once saw as exciting, loving or gratifying. It could be work, school, hobbies and even family and friends.
- Appetite or weight changes. There’s a significant weight loss or weight gain in a month.
- Sleep changes. One develops insomnia. You tend to wake up in the early hours of the morning or even over sleep.
- Anger or irritability. One tend to be angry, easily irritated and violent. Tolerance level is minimal or zero and everything and one gets on your nerves.
- Loss of energy. Always tired unnecessarily. A feeling of being drained emotionally and physically.
- Self-loathing. Strong feelings of worthlessness or guilt. You harshly criticize yourself for perceived faults and mistakes.
- Reckless behavior. Engagement in erratic behaviors such a s dangerous sports, reckless driving, gambling, taking some dangerous substances.
- Concentration problems. Remembering things becomes a hustle. making decisions and focusing becomes a problem.
- Unexplained aches and pains. There’s always a complain of headaches, back pain, stomach aches and aching muscles.
The types of depression should not be ignored and are:
Unipolar and bipolar depression
Unipolar depression is when the predominant feature is a depressed mood. But if it characterized by both manic and depressive episodes separated by normal mood it is said to be a bipolar disorder.
Unipolar depression could involve anxiety and other symptoms but definitely no manic traits. Although, research actually shows that 40 % of the time individuals with bipolar disorder are depressed and distinguishing them proves difficult.
Ways to treat depression are through;
It’s simply a psychological or talking therapy for depression and it includes cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), interpersonal psychotherapy and problem-solving treatment.
CBT and interpersonal therapy are the two main types of psychotherapy used in depression. The CBT could be delivered in sessions individually with the therapist, face-to-face groups or even over the phone.
These are drugs given to the patient to minimize the depression level and is prescribed by the Doctor. It is not recommended for children. But, can be given based on prescription. If there is any need to stop the use of the drug, the Doctor should be aware of it and advise accordingly.